Understanding Your Pets Bloodwork

Blood tests help us determine causes of illness accurately, safely, and quickly and let us monitor the progress of medical treatments.

COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT (CBC)

A CBC gives information on hydration status, anemia, infection, the blood’s clotting ability, and the immune system’s ability to respond. This test is essential for pets with fevers, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, pale gums, or loss of appetite.
(If your pet needs surgery, a CBC can detect unseen abnormalities )

WHITE BLOOD COUNT

measures the body’s immune cells. Increases or decreases indicate certain diseases or infections.

HEMAGLOBIN and MCHC

(mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration) measure hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying pigment of red blood cells (corpuscles).

HEMATOCRIT

measures the percentage of red blood cells to detect anemia and dehydration.

PLATELETS

measures cells that help stop bleeding by forming blood clots.

GRANULOCYTES, LYMPHOCYTES and MONOCYTES

are specific types of white blood cells.

EOSINOPHILS

are a specific type of white blood cells that if elevated, may indicate allergic or parasitic conditions.

BLOOD SERUM PROFILE

. These common tests evaluate organ function, electrolyte status, hormone levels, and more. They are important in evaluating the health of older pets, pets with vomiting and diarrhea or toxin exposure, pets receiving long-term medications, and preanesthetic patients.

ALB

(albumin) is a serum protein that helps evaluate hydration, hemorrhage, and intestinal, liver, and kidney health.

ALKP

(alkaline phosphatase) elevations may indicate liver damage, Cushing’s disease, and active bone growth in young pets.

ALT

(alanine aminotransferase) is a sensitive indicator of active liver damage but doesn’t indicate the cause.q AMY (amylase) elevations show pancreatitis or kidney disease.

TBIL

(total bilirubin) elevations may indicate liver or hemolytic disease. This test helps identify bile duct problems and certain types of anemia.

BUN

(blood urea nitrogen) reflects kidney function. An increased blood level is called azotemia and can be caused by kidney, liver, and heart disease, urethral obstruction, shock, and dehydration.

Ca++

(calcium) deviations can indicate a variety of diseases. Tumors, hyperparathyroidism, kidney disease, and low albumin are just a few of the conditions that alter serum calcium.

PHOS

(phosphorus) elevations are often associated with kidney disease, hyperthyroidism, and bleeding disorders.

CREA

(creatinine) reveals kidney function. This test helps distinguish between kidney and non kidney causes of elevated BUN.

GLU

(glucose) is blood sugar. Elevated levels may indicate diabetes mellitus. Low levels can cause collapse, seizures, or coma. Mildly elevated levels are common in stress.

Na+

(sodium) is an electrolyte lost with vomiting, diarrhea, and kidney or Addison’s diseases. This test helps indicate hydration status.

K+

(potassium) is an electrolyte lost with vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive urination. Increased levels may indicate kidney failure, Addison’s disease, dehydration, and urethral obstruction. High levels can lead to cardiac arrest.

TP

(total protein) indicates hydration status and provides information about the liver, kidneys, and infectious diseases.q GLOB (globulin) is a blood protein that often increases with chronic inflammation and certain disease states.

T4

(thyroxine) is a thyroid hormone. Decreased levels often signal hypothyroidism in dogs, while high levels indicate hyperthyroidism in cats.

CHOL

(cholesterol) is used to supplement diagnosis of hypothyroidism, liver disease, Cushing’s disease, and diabetes mellitus.